Official figures show that adult acne is more prevalent in females than males and it is a fairly common occurrence that is on the increase, it can strike at any time even when a person reaches their mid-forties, it may also be a continuous problem for the sufferer from their teenage years never having properly cleared.
Fortunately developing acne vulgaris later in life uncommon, and there are similar related conditions that can look like acne, rosacea is one example.
As with many medical conditions the exact cause of adult acne has yet to be pinpointed but it seems as though it may still have a hormonal connection as it does in teenagers.
The higher incidence in women is likely due to hormonal fluctuations that occur at the time of menstrual cycles but it may also be the result of other underlying conditions particularyy polycystic ovary syndrome.
Other possible causes for outbreaks can be stress and the application of certain cosmetics that may be used as the skin ages, and the possibility that taking birth control medication is a possible trigger, whatever the causes acne can be responsible for just as much anxiety for the sufferer at any age.
Not forgetting also that acne can also be an hereditary condition that runs in families.
For women, discontinuing use of contraceptive pills or pregnancy itself may cause an outbreak, and it has been known for some to develop acne for the first time during the menopause.
Menopausal acne occurs as a result of the body’s failure to produce a natural ovarian hormone called estradiol which is thought to keep acne at bay under normal circumstances.
Treatment For Adult Acne.
Usually the first course of action will be a trip to the pharmacy for some form of medication that can be applied to the acne eruptions directly, for mild to moderate outbreaks these can usually be effective in clearing things up, give them a little time to work though.
Treating adult acne is pretty much the same as that of teenagers, the only real difference is that your skin may be a little thinner, naturally drier, sensitive and slower to heal itself, in addition the majority of acne treatments are aimed at the teen and adolescent market, and as this group is more associated with excessively oily skin it follows that the products will be formulated to combat this as well thus making them harsher on drier skin.
Benzoyl peroxide or products containing it is still an effective treatment for acne in adults, most of the best remedies have this compound in it or salycilic acid and sometimes both as they included together in the same product, with BP acting more on the acne-causing bacteria, a low concentrate should be used in the first instance to give the skin time to adjust to the chemicals, they can cause excessive drying out of the skin too so a good moisturizer will be essential.
Medicated cosmetics are available too such as cleansers and toners these can also be effective in helping to keep things under control.
If you are female, which makes you much more susceptible to adult acne, it is possible the current breakout has been caused by your menstrual cycle, and while this is an inevitable occurrence every month that causes hormone imbalances, it is sometimes possible to control these hormones with medications that are available on prescription from your doctor who may suggest first of all birth control pills as a means of control, these can be often be successful especially if combined with antibiotics.
There are many types of contraceptive pills available on prescription, and if one type is found to be ineffective another can be tried in its place, they may work in slightly different ways but they can all help in controlling acne breakouts, below is a list of those brands currently available, a few of which may be familiar notably the Drospirenones, your doctor will prescribe what he or she considers the most suitable for your particular case.
There are some others such as Diane 35, these are not as yet available in the US.
One thing to be aware of is that birth control pills can sometimes be the trigger of an outbreak of acne, if this is the case then you should ask for a change of prescription.
Retinoids and Antibiotics either oral or topical are another possible way to treat your condition, there are many of these and they work in several different ways and they may also be used in conjunction with contraceptives, your doctor will prescribe what they consider the best for your case.
The most commonly prescribed oral antibiotics for acne sufferers are Tetracycline, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Doxycycline, Clindamycin any of which may prove an effective treatment,
Another type of hormonal medication are a class of drugs called androgen receptor blockers, many people will be more familiar with the generic names of Spironlactone and Cyproterone, unfortunately these medicines are not without their side effects and this is something that should be considered before deciding to take them, your physician is best placed to advise you further on what you may expect.
Spironlactone is sold under the brand names such as Aldactone, Aldactazide, Berlactone Novo-Spiroton, Spiractin, Spirotone, Verospiron.
Cyproterone acetate also referred to as Androcur, Cyprone, Cyprohexal, Cyprostat, Cyproteron, Ciproterona, Cyproteronum, Neoproxil, Procur, and Siterone, both are antiandrogen (i.e. they suppress the actions of the male hormone, testosterone.
As a last resort, if you have so far failed in your attempts to banish adult acne, there is the drug Accutane.
This medication is reserved for the only the most severe cases as although it is the most successful acne treatment, it is also the most dangerous in terms of unwanted side effects, Accutane is a systemic medication meaning it can affect all parts of the body including vital organs.
Although serious effects are not common, they are a potential risk to the patient as there is no way of knowing what effect it may have for an individual, people taking it are usually closely monitored for any ill-effects by their healthcare providers or Dermatologists.
High-tech Solutions To Adult Acne
Recent advances in technology have seen many changes in medical techniques, including the use of lasers both for surgery and for blue light and red light therapy, the intense beams of light penetrate the skins layers with the idea of killing off the acne bacteria, although this technique may for some people it is not always effective, it can also be considerably expensive usually with more than one visit being required.
For severe cystic acne, surgical excision and drainage is also an option, once again cost will be a factor.
For those less well disposed there are some devices available for use at home notably the Zeno Acne Clearing Device.
This product is not designed for severe acne but for getting rid of spots and pimples it seems to have some good reviews indicating that it has been effective in treating acne for some people.
The Zeno is a small portable battery-operated device designed with a tip that heats up to a certain pre-set temperature.
The idea is that it delivers a heat-shock response to the acne bacteria under the skin, without getting bogged down with science, the heat produced by the device produces certain proteins in the bacteria which causes their destruction under the skin, without the bacteria present the inflammation of the pimple or pustule will disappear quickly within a claimed 24 hours, owing to the increased blood flow in that area cause by the localized heat.
These devices are around $80 and may prove a worthwhile investment for getting rid of zits and pimples quickly.
You are probably already using an effective skin cleansing routine and this becomes even more important for acne sufferers, but it is what you use and the way that you apply it that counts the most. The main object is to keep the pores clear and remove excess oil by good cleansing and regular exfoliation to remove dead skin cells from the surface.
Apart from the treatments themselves anything that can cause irritation to the skin should be avoided especially during washing and cleansing, harsh scrubs and washcloths are out and applying things as gently as possible with the hands is in.
Even oily skin can become dehydrated and will need to be kept hydrated properly, by ensuring you drink enough plain water and by the use of a moisturizer, dehydration is caused by a lack of water in the skin’s layers not a lack of oil.
Dehydration in oily skin could lead to the body producing even more oil as it seeks to prevent the skin from drying out, this is a major reason why using a moisturizer is so important.
Your diet can also play a part in the health of your skin, eat as much fresh organic food as possible as part of a normal diet as these contain many natural vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants, vitamin supplements can also help here.
Dairy produce is not conducive to good skin and may make acne worse, Cow’s milk and anything made from is best avoided use goat’s milk instead as this is often recommended for people with eczema problems because it is not full of hormones like cow’s milk.
Some other articles you may like to read…
Diet Cure For Acne – How Correct Diets Can Solve Acne Problems
Natural Acne Remedy – Discover How Organic Product Cures Acne Fast
Acne Vitamin Treatments – What Vitamins You Need For Clear Skin
Vitamin B5 Acne Treatment – For Acne Sufferers With Oily Skin
Treating Acne Naturally – A New Way To Treat Acne?
Zinc The Vital Mineral For Acne Sufferers
Coconut Oil Natural Acne Cure
Saw Palmetto Acne Treatment
Castor Oil Acne Treatment
Fish Oil Acne Treatment – Helping To Fight Acne Naturally